The Chapter 1 of the Small Arms Survey Yearbook 2013 shows that between 2004 and 2009, an average of 526,000 people died violently each year, but only 10 per cent of them qualified as direct conflict deaths. International attention, however, has traditionally focused on interstate or civil wars, even though academic research shows that since 2005 war between states has accounted for only a small portion of all armed conflicts.
The term post-conflict gained currency at the end of the cold war. Yet since armed conflict does not always produce a clear
outcome—such as a military victory or a peace agreement—it may be unclear when a post-conflict period begins, especially if armed violence remains widespread.