During the closing session of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States Summit (CELAC) in Santiago, Chile, on 27 and 28 January 2013, Nicaragua’s President Daniel Ortega, at the beginning of his speech, he mentioned the Treaty of Tlatelolco , which establishes the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean and he also gave a reflection on the progress of the amplification of nuclear-weapon-free zones in recent years.
The president Nicaragua expressed that the The challenge today is to move towards a world free of nuclear weapons .
Ortega also mentioned that the world still continue to be individualistic and there are interests of those who refuse to give up nuclear weapons.
It is important to stress the relevance that this issue has been in the Declaration of Santiago. In that document, the signatories recognize the value and contribution to peace and international security of the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean and its Protocols (Tlatelolco Treaty), which established the first most densely populated nuclear-weapon-free zone on the planet. In this regard, they reaffirm the necessity to advance toward the goal of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and they commitment to contribute to and advance with the international community in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation and the declaration of Latin America and the Caribbeanas as a peace zone, and reach and uphold a world free of nuclear weapons.
Also, through the Declaration, the presidents emphasize their commitment to participate actively and introduce a common position within the framework of the High Level Meeting of the UN General Assembly on Nuclear Disarmament, to be held in New York on 26 September, 2013.
Finally, there was a call for the Conference for the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East be held as soon as possible, as agreed by the Parties to the Treaty on the non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 1995, 2000 and 2010.